Examinus Superbus Maximus Review

Topic

People

Places

Key Terms & Concepts

Etruscans Servius Tullius

Tarquinius Superbus

Tarquinius Priscus

Etruria Necropolis

Art, metalwork, terracotta

Luxury

Etruscan women

Origins of Etruscans

Relationships with other civilizations

Written language

 Geography   Central Mediterranean

Italian peninsula

Western orientation

Po

Tiber

Arno

Rome

Alps

Apennine Mountains

Influence on economy, defense, society

Compare to Greek geography & civ

Founding Myths Virgil

Aeneas

Dido

Venus

Romulus

Remus

Sabine women

Lucretia

Brutus

Troy

Tiber River

Carthage

Palatine & Capitoline hills

What these myths tell us about Roman values

Function of myth in the state

Law Justinian Forum

Byzantium

Twelve Tables

Justinian Code

Civic, Natural, Law of Nations

Public and Private law

Juries

Tribunals

Republic Tiberius Gracchus

Gaius Gracchus

Sulla

Brutus

Marius

Polybius

Cato

  SPQR

Res Publica

Centuries

Assembly of Centuries

Rhetoric & oration

Patricians & plebeians

Tax farming

Public works

Consul

Pyrrhic & Punic War Hannibal

Scipio

Pyrrhus

Tarentum

Carthage

Spain

Sicily

Cannae

Zama

Latin League

Italian League

Loyalty of Italians to Rome

Important battles

Beginning of Rome as a superpower

Money, slave, tax revenue

Naval power of Rome

Military organization

Decline of Republic Julius Caesar

Calpurnia

Crassus

Cicero

Brutus

Mark Antony

Pompey

Octavian

Rubicon

Gaul

Actium

Assassination of JC – public’s reaction, deification

Dictator for life

Triumvirate

Problems  in the Republic – tax, unemployment, poverty, land issues, grain prices, crime, unequal access to voting and public office

Religion Pontifex Maximus

Vestal Virgins

Mithras

Isis

Lar

Numens

Augurs

The Pantheon (Juno, Jupiter etc.)

Rex Sacrorum

Persia

Egypt

Greece

Temple of Jupiter

Pantheon

Religio – binding force

Quid pro quo & practical religion

Greek gods in Roman dress

State co-opting religion

Public and private religion

 

Christianity Constantine

Jesus Christ

Peter

Paul

Justinian

Pontius Pilate

Trajan

Diocletian

Nero

Judea

Constantinople

Constantine’s conversion

Persecution of Christians

Paul’s travels

Scapegoating – fire of 64, social, economic, military problems

What Christianity offers its followers

INRI – Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews

Art & Architecture Hadrian Hagia Sofia

Colosseum

Pantheon

Arches

Aqueducts

Domes

Portraiture

Art and empire

Mosaic

Concrete

Greek influence

Public works

Concrete

Intellectual Achievements Virgil

Ovid

Seneca

Juvenal

Horace

Galen

Pliny the Elder

Cicero

  Satire

Metamorphoses

Calendar

Latin

Medicine

How literature relates to the state

Daily Life Gladiators

Paterfamilias

Materfamilias

  Social structure

Women’s lives

plebeians

Slaves

Bread & circuses

Patron/client system

Blood sports

Family life

Roman Empire Tiberius

Augustus

Caligula

Trajan

Claudius

Nero

 

East/West empire

Empire at its largest

Pax Romana

Legions

Fall of Empire Romulus Augustus

Barbarians

3rd Century emperors

Where the Barbarians came from (Mongolia, Germany, Gaul etc) Why it fell

Did it fall

What is an empire

Legacy of Roman empire

Collapse – social, economic, military, cultural, and political aspects

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