Stoic philosophy, also known as Stoicism, was founded in early 3rd C. BC by Zeno of Citium. It is the Hellenic philosophy, by which negative emotions come from an error of judgment. They additionally believed people who were morally and/or intellectually superior would not succumb to such emotion. Stoics were concerned with the active relationship between fate and human freedom. According to them, an individual’s philosophy was presented through the way that they acted. From its beginning, Stoicism was popular throughout Greece and the Roman Empire.
Stoics believed that knowledge is attained through the use of reason, and that truth can be distinguished from fallacy. Additionally, their theory concluded that the mind can approve or reject an impression, in turn enabling the mind to distinguish truth from fallacy.
Some prominent Stoics include Seneca and Epictetus, who emphasized that a sage was immune to misfortune. Moreover, an Emperor of Rome, Marcus Aurelius, was a follower of Stoicism.
Today, to call someone ‘Stoic’ means that the individual represses their feelings.
- Treat every individual with love and compassion.
- Embrace all, regardless of social status.
- Show kindness to slaves.
- Gain knowledge and understanding through reasoning.
- Emphasize ethics