Background and significance in ancient Rome:
– The Pantheon was created by Marcus Agrippa during his time in consulship in 27 B.C.
– It burned down twice and the final Pantheon as it is known today was made in 80 A.D. by Hadrian. Hadrian not wanting to take away Agrippa’s glory has Agrippa’s name still on it.
– It is located in the city of Rome in the exact area which is known as the place where Romulus died, and was where an eagle picked up his body and brought him up to the heavens.
– The Pantheon’s history is still not fully known, but it is known that it was a temple to all the gods, but the nature of the ceremonies done in its heyday.
– The main reason it is in such good condition today is because possession of the building was handed over to the Roman Catholic Church by Emperor Phocas of Byzantine.
– Today it serves as a Church and has done so since its creation, today though it has marble columns and other decorations to impress
The Pantheon’s Construction:
– It was built only with the introduction of concrete into Roman construction, for it allowed them to form the basic dome which is its most important feature.
– It was likely constructed by using intricate wooden scaffolding and the dome itself was made from a single mold of Concrete which was then reinforced with bricks.
– The building itself is completely round save for the entrance which is a square.
– The entrance has elements of Greek architecture in the form of a pediment, as well originally played out the scene of the battle with the titans.
– The top of the dome is best known for its oculus which is a skylight and the only source of light in the building.
– The building is built with a special concave floor which will cause rain to cleanly dry out of the building through an intricate drainage system.
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