Stoicism was founded in Athens by Zeno in early 3rd century, it was originally taught by him at the Stoa Poikile. Another famous stoic is Marcus Aurelius, a famous roman emperor. The discipline of Stoicism teaches self-control as a means of defeating destructive emotions, which they believed were caused by errors in judgment and would not be felt by a true sage. Stoicism became the foremost philosophy among the leaders of Hellenistic and Roman society. Stoics believed that knowledge could be obtained through reason, not that it was innate. Today we remember stoics solely because of their opposition to showing strong emotion.
- Control your emotions.
- Be a clear and unbiased thinker.
- Change your will to suit the world, becoming happy always.
- Use a series of steps to come to your conclusions.
- Believe in abstract and corporeal objects.
Zeno, founder of Stoicism. He was an Athenian in 3rd century BCE who taught his school in an open area
Stoic philosophy, also known as Stoicism, was founded in early 3rd C. BC by Zeno of Citium. It is the Hellenic philosophy, by which negative emotions come from an error of judgment. They additionally believed people who were morally and/or intellectually superior would not succumb to such emotion. Stoics were concerned with the active relationship between fate and human freedom. According to them, an individual’s philosophy was presented through the way that they acted. From its beginning, Stoicism was popular throughout Greece and the Roman Empire.
Stoics believed that knowledge is attained through the use of reason, and that truth can be distinguished from fallacy. Additionally, their theory concluded that the mind can approve or reject an impression, in turn enabling the mind to distinguish truth from fallacy.
Some prominent Stoics include Seneca and Epictetus, who emphasized that a sage was immune to misfortune. Moreover, an Emperor of Rome, Marcus Aurelius, was a follower of Stoicism.
Today, to call someone ‘Stoic’ means that the individual represses their feelings.
Tips on how to be Stoic:
- Treat every individual with love and compassion.
- Embrace all, regardless of social status.
- Show kindness to slaves.
- Gain knowledge and understanding through reasoning.
- Emphasize ethics
Today’s homework is to conduct your own research into one of the later Greek schools of Philosophy. Research your assigned school and prepare a manual telling people “How to live like a ______”
Your manual must include the following components:
1. A slogan (2 marks)
2. Background information about the school, its origins, important figures, impact on Greek society and legacy (3 marks)
3. Five prescriptive tips on how to live like a Stoic, Cynic or Epicurean (5 marks)
4. A relevant image with an explanatory caption (2 marks)
5. Neatness, clarity, organization and well documented research (3 marks)
Total: 15 marks
Please email these to me by tomorrow morning. Your pamphlets will be posted on the blog.